About the

Foreword by Hermione Granger.........................................vii

Introduction by Margaret Laurenzoo

About This Book................................................................ix

What Is a Rune?................................................................x

A Brief History about the Runic Language.................................xi

Why Runology Matters................................................................xii

An A-z Analysis of the Runes.................................................1


Margaret Laurenzoo was born in 1902. Her deep interest in the topic of Runology sprouted from her surroundings, in a region full of caves and cavernous areas, the strange markings that she often stumbled upon urged her to research. Upon graduating from Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, Margaret found herself in a tight situation. Without a steady job, nor a place to stay, it seemed her dream of studying the world of Runes was dying with every passing second. But, she decided to travel, and delve into her studies. In a matter of two months, she had a half finished manuscript filled with information about runes worldwide. Solely responsible for the ‘Study of Ancient Runes’ class at Hogwarts, Margaret does not honor this to be her greatest achievement. The action that holds this prestigious honor is, and quote, “That I was able to pull myself out if that horrible place. That horrible, horrible situation. And that I was able to, hopefully, inspire the next generation to do the same.” Her trip, spanning five years total, pulled her to all the continents and resulted in her world-wide best-seller Ancient Runes Made Easy, now in its thirty-second edition. Margaret Laurenzoo was awarded the Order of Merlin, Second Class, in 2002 in recognition for her developments in the subject of ancient runes, Runology. Now retired, she lives in Droitwich with her husband Michael Scott.


Truly, I was overwhelmed with honor when Margaret Laurenzoo asked me to write a foreword for the thirty-second edition of Ancient Runes Made Easy. I had been in Ancient Runes class during my time at Hogwarts, it was one of my favorite subjects, and I learned everything I know about runes (up to this current date) I learned from this book. As, I said, I was honored to even be included in this noble publication. Upon its publication, this book has earned itself a spot among the front shelf of my personal library, not to mention its’ amazing track-record as an approved Hogwarts textbook. It’s is ludicrous that any house wouldn’t have a copy of Ancient Runes used by the generations of the household.

Hermione Granger sig



Ancient Runes Made Easyis the product of a huge workload of research, deciphering, and travel. Looking back, I laugh at myself. Tracing the runes etched into the cave walls and listening to my mother yelling at me for coming home covered in soot. Sometimes I yearn for the youth that I once held, but I realize, had I not aged, this book wouldn’t exist. The very first edition of Ancient Runes was bought by Mr. Evan Oswald, of Obscurus Books, who had heard rumors of my travels and my nearly complete manuscript. I had spent five years flying from region to region (on broom), climbing mountains, filling notebook after notebook, and countless interviews. The in-between is only history: Ancient Runes is now in its thirty-second edition. This introduction is intended to serve one main purpose; answering the questions that tire the poor owls who bombard my cottage constantly. The first is the simplest of them all – what is a “rune”?


The definition of “rune” has, as I am sure is surprising, quite a lot of confusion for ages. However, for good reason: Runes took many different forms throughout the years of their creation, the most fundamental: as a written language and a divinatory tool. The question is which do we chose as the overall definition of a rune. Many attempts have been made by theoreticians as to solve the issue, for example: Aldabert Waffling wrote, in a diary of his that was found on the day of his death:

"Little, to nothing, could be heard over the endless “shames” that were being spat at me gave my speech. Simply, it did hurt. The Wizard’s Council was absolutely immature. I was simply saying that we simply combine the two definitions. However, they claimed (endlessly, might I add), 'How will others know what definition is being spoken of? It will be too confusing.' And so on."

As we can see, this was and still is a very pressing matter that affects the way we view the subject of Ancient Runes, in general.


Much like magical creatures, runes were a once accepted language for both Wizards and Muggles. Since ancient times, runes have been used for divination and magic, in addition to writing. The word "rune" actually means mystery, secret or whisper. Each rune has esoteric meanings and properties associated with it, beyond its mundane meaning and phonetic value. Each translates into a word or a phrase signifying concepts important to the early peoples who used them, representing the forces of nature and mind. Each rune has a story attached to it, a relationship to a Norse God.

Odin, the Norse High God of the Aesir, hung from the world tree, Yggdrasil, impaled on his own spear, for nine days and nights in order to gain the knowledge of runes. When the runes appeared below him, he reached down and took them up, and the runic knowledge gave him power . He later passed on this knowledge to the Vanir goddess Freya. She, in turn, taught him the magic of seidr. Heimdall, the god who guarded the Rainbow Bridge, taught the runes to mankind.

Runic alphabets first appeared among German tribes in central and eastern Europe. Some runes symbols are likely to have been acquired from other alphabets, such as the Greek, Etruscan, and the Early Roman. The runes were made of straight lines to make the characters suitable for cutting into wood or stone. The earliest runic inscriptions on stone are dated to the late 3rd century AD, although it is probable that runic alphabets had been in use for some centuries before.


To quote the great Newton Scamander: “To ensure the future generations of witches and wizards enjoy their strange beauty and powers as we have been privileged to do.”

I couldn’t have put it better myself. Why would we want to deprive the next generation the opportunity to experience the mystery of these symbols? I give this work to you as a minor introduction to the load of runes that span word-wide. I will merely add that it affords me extreme joy to think that generations upon generations of young witches and wizards have grown to a better knowledge and understanding of the mysterious runes I love through the spirit of this book.


ANSUZ in a literary perspective is the runic equivalent to the letter ‘a’. In a theoretical view, it is the rune of communications. It rules over the aspects of song, poetry, examinations, and incantations. It is good to use wherever communication is the issue.

BEORC is the rune of the Great Mother, being so it is also the primary rune of fertility. In addition, it conceals and protects and rules over protective enclosures (i.e. houses and temples). It represents a very nurturing female type. It is equivalent to the letter ‘b’.

KENAZ, letters ‘c’ and ‘k’ and ‘q’ and ‘x’, it is a rune of fire. Unlike Fehu (another rune of fire), it is a gentle, more controlled flame which gives it the ability to create. It is the rune of the artist and craftsman. It is especially useful when either creativity is the issue or when artistic things are extremely important to the person whom you are creating the rune script for.

DAEG is symbolic of increase, growth, and the letter ‘d’. A major period of increase and prosperity is usually introduced by this rune. It has, absolutely, no negative aspects, and even in a negative reading it shows that you possess the inner strength to turn it around if only you will utilize it.

EHWAZ is a rune of abrupt changes and is good for initiating bold new ventures. It is symbolic of the letter ‘e’.

FEHU, the rune equal of the letter ‘f’, is a rune of ancient, uncontrolled fire. It is the power of generation at its most basic level. Its energies are totally wild and very useful for magic involving swift, radical changes.

GIFU, the letter ‘g’, is the rune of partnerships in all realms. It contains the power to integrate the energies of two or more beings in order to produce a power that is greater than the sum of their individual force. It is, primarily, the rune of sexual intercourse.

HAGALL, or ‘h’, has two very contradictory meanings in Divination and Magic. Its divinatory meaning is frustrating delays but not stagnation. In magic, it represents evolution, but a slow but sure type. Its fixed framework provides a sense of security, not allowing any negative energy to enter your space.

EIHWAZ, representative of the letter ‘i’ and ‘s’, is also symbolic of the yew tree. It is a very powerful rune of banishing and protection.

JERA, or ‘j’ and ‘z;, is the rune of harvest, of rewards arriving at the proper time. It also governs legalities of all sorts and is useful in all illegal matters.

LAGAZ, ‘l’, is the rune of intuition and imagination. It is also a feminine rune, but Unlike Beorc, it represents a strong, assertive female type.

MANNAZ, the runic equivalent to the letter ‘m’, is the symbol of mankind as a whole and is often used when assistance from others is needed. It also symbolizes the powers of the rational mind.

NIED represents need and distress, but it can also symbolize relief from that distress. On the other hand, in Icelandic culture, it is a very strong rune of love magic; symbolizing desires and primal needs to find a lover. Equal to the letter ‘n’.

OTHEL, equal to ‘o’, signifies possessions or ancestral lands and characteristics. This rune encourages the “down- to-earth” type of lifestyle.

PERDHRO, ‘p’, is a rune of time and change. It rules over secrets and things hidden and is also allied with karmic energy.

RAIDHO, much like its appearance it is symbolic of ‘r’, is not only a rune of travel, but it also rules over the cosmic laws of Right and Order. Therefore, like Jera, it is very useful for legal matters; especially those in which you have been unjustly accused and need to bring the forces of Right on the issue.

TIR, ‘t’, is the rune of “right for might” and is such valuable in a rune script where you been denied something or have been falsely accused. It is indicative of the “fighting spirit,” of trial by combat and fearlessness. It is the primarily masculine rune.

URUZ, indicative of both ‘u’ and ‘v’, is the shaping power that brings about manifestation. Use it to give sluggish circumstances a little prod. It is a rune of vitality and strength.

WUNJO, otherwise known as ‘w’, is a rune of “happily ever after.” It, usually, used in the final position as an indicator of success or happiness.

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