Many cultures around the world have interesting myths about the Sun, reflecting its importance in all our lives.
Re (or Ra) was known as the sun-god and the creator in ancient Egypt. He took on many forms, each depending on where he was. Usually Re was portrayed with a hawk head, wearing a fiery disk, like the Sun, on his head. In the Underworld, the god took the form of a ram-headed deity.
Re was the creator of our world. In the beginning of time, an egg rose from the water. Once out of his shell, Re had two children who became the atmosphere (Shu) and clouds. They in turn had more children, Geb and Nut, who became the Earth and the stars. They in turn had two sons, Seth and Osiris, the father of Horus.
Re cried one day, and humans were made from his tears. He also created the four seasons for the Nile, a very important river in Egypt. Re combines with Horus to form Re-Harakhte, god of the Sun and the heavens.
Greek and Roman Myth:
In Greek mythology, Apollo (or Phoebus, the Sun) was the son of Zeus (Jupiter) and Leto (Letona). He was the twin brother of the goddess Artemis (or Phoebe, the Moon). He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer.
Leto travelled all over Greece to find a place to give birth to Apollo. She finally came upon an island named Delos. The island agreed to allow the birth of Apollo, if he in turn founded a temple on the island. Leto agreed, and when Apollo grew up, he changed Delos into a beautiful island.
Apollo was known as the god who could foretell the future. His most famous sacred place was at Delphi, site of the Oracle of Delphi.
The Romans also believed in Apollo as the god of light, music ( a role won from Pan), and healing.