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A Mythological Copernican Study/Saturn

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Saturn

Saturn
Greek Myth:
In Greek mythology, Kronos was the son of Ouranos and Gaea. He led his brothers and sisters, the Titans, in a revolt against their father and became the king of the gods. He married the Titan Rhea, his sister.

They had a total of six children, but Kronos had a bad habit of eating his newborn children, to prevent them from one day overthrowing him as king of the gods. Finally, at the birth of her last child, Zeus, Rhea tricked him into swallowing a rock instead. Zeus then beat his father, with the help of his brothers and sisters. The Romans adopted Kronos as the god Saturn.


Pan is the Greek god protector of shepherds, sheep, and goats. According to an account of his birth, Hermes was his father. Romans confused him with the Roman god Faunus. Pan's name is said to derive from the Greek word "paein", which means "to pasture", or may reflect an earlier monotheist element, since "pan" in Ancient Greek means "all". He has horns and legs of a goat, and he is able to shout so loudly that he terrifies people and animals. The word panic derives from his name. His personality has also gentle aspects. In fact, he plays so well a reed pipe, called syrinx, that he challenged the sun god Apollo in a musical contest. But unfortunately, Pan lost and Apollo received the prize for playing his lyre. One of the moons of the planet Saturn was named after him.

Pan's image was later taken by Christians to represent the Devil, Satan.




Roman Myth:



To Ancient Romans, Atlas was the leader of the gigantic Titans who fought a war against the gods. The head of the gods was Jupiter, who was fighting against his father, the Titan Saturn, to gain control of the world. When Jupiter won the war, he severely punished Atlas by making him carry the sky on his shoulders. A moon of the planet Saturn was named after the Titan Atlas for fighting with his brother Saturn.






Atlas was the father of the Pleiades, the Hyades, and the Hesperides. The Hesperides were the guardians of a tree of golden apples. The earth goddess Gaea gave the tree to Juno, the wife of Jupiter, as a wedding present.






The tree was in a secret location. Nevertheless, an oracle told Atlas that a son of Jupiter would one day steal the golden apples guarded by his daughters. For this reason, Atlas refused to let anyone visit his home. One day, a famous hero, Perseus passed by where Atlas was living. When Atlas denied hospitality to him, Perseus, showed Atlas the head of the Gorgon Medusa, which had the ability to turn anything into stone. The giant Atlas was immediately transformed into the eponymous mountains in northwest Africa.






Atlas was one of four brothers, the others being Prometheus, Epimetheus and Menoetius.



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